Appel à contribution

Conférence pan-européenne de Relations internationales

Varsovie

 

 

L'Association Française de Science politique et le CERI- Sciences Po Paris, par le biais de l'équipe pilotant l'axe de recherche consacré aux "Nouveaux acteurs de la paix et de la sécurité dans le multilatéralisme" lance un appel à contribution pour la 8e Conférence pan-européenne de Relations internationales qui se tiendra à Varsovie du 18 au 21 septembre 2013.

 

Cet appel à contribution, disponible ci-dessous, porte sur l'axe thématique "Understanding cooperation in peace processes : Diversity of actors, unity of action?". La date butoir pour soumettre une proposition est le 24 février 2013.

 

THEMATIC SECTION


Understanding cooperation in peace processes: Diversity of actors, unity of action?

 

Milena Dieckhoff (Sciences Po Paris, Ceri) - milena.dieckhoff@sciences-po.org

Philippe Droz-Vincent (University of Toulouse, Institute of Political Studies) - phsgir@gmail.com

Frédéric Ramel (Sciences Po Paris, Ceri – IRSEM) - frederic.ramel@sciences-po.org

 

The strategic environment has become more decentralized due to the erosion of States’ monopoly in world politics. New actors have entered the diplomatic arena in order to participate in peace processes.

 

This development raises the question of the traditional articulation between State and security. It also entails many changes for intergovernmental organizations, especially the United Nations. Since the 1990s, well-established international organizations have developed in substantial ways cooperation with other actors – from sub-regional organizations to societal actors – in order to improve their peace-related efforts. However, the privatization of activities requires an improvement in procedures and raises an important issue of coherence in the international system.

 

This thematic section aims at understanding the forms of cooperation between these various actors. Participants will provide case studies dedicated to “new kinds” of actors involved in peace efforts such as transregional organizations (the British Commonwealth, the League of the Arab States, the Organisation Internationale de La Francophonie, Community of Portuguese Language Countries), philanthropic foundations, grass-root experts or even individuals and their links with other organizations like the United Nations, the European Union or the Organization of African Union.

 

Participants could also reflect on the prospects of an African intervention in Mali, in Somalia; the Arab League involvement in the context of Arab uprisings and the leading role of Qatar and Saudi Arabia; the engagement of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Western powers and the Yemen peace transition.

 

If the case studies can be diverse, all papers will have to reflect on the nature of the cooperation established and the consequences for multilateral practices. Research should specify if actors opted for a sequential, parallel or integrated ways of cooperation, leading in some cases to the implementation of joint planning and common command structures.

 

Various methodological designs can be used in order to approach the topic. Tools from the public policy sector can be mobilized as well as political theories developed in the strategic and security fields. Semi-directive interviews and historical archives may also be used. We also value historical studies, trying to assess the novelty of the current developments of cooperation in peace processes between “new kinds” of actors.

 

PROPOSALS


Five panels will be proposed for this thematic section. Three panels will be dedicated to a study of the different kind of actors active in cooperation and to the assessment of the relationships between well-established international organizations (IOs) and these so-called “new” actors.

 

1. IOs and linguistic transregional actors

 

• Examples (non-exhaustive list)

- The British Commonwealth

- The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

- The Community of Portuguese Language Speaking Countries

- The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

 

This panel may also introduce an analysis of the foreign policy of some member States within linguistic international organizations (for instance Brazil) and the way it can impede or enhance the cooperation between different organizations.

 

2. IOs and confessional actors


• Examples (non-exhaustive list)

- The network of nuncios in the Catholic Church and their diplomatic roles

- The Community of Sant’ Egidio and the United Nations

- The Catholic Church in Rwanda or in Guatemala

- Multiculturalism and confessional actors in peace processes

- Religion, reconciliation and transitional justice

- Public religion and the search for peace

 

This panel may offer papers on faith-based peacebuilding, the language of faith and transitional justice/reconciliation or may deal with individual confessional actors (from university actors such as John P. Lederach to confessional leaders such as Ayatollah Sistani in Iraq).

 

3. IOs and societal actors


• Examples (non-exhaustive list)

- Non-governmental organizations and their link with regional organizations. Example: the Crisis Management Initiative (Finland) and the European Union.

- Expert groups and the United Nations. Example: the role of Elders and the provision of a global expertise for the United Nations.

- Individuals: former presidents, Nobel peace price laureates, business people, academics, members of civil society…

- Philanthropic foundations

 

This panel may also deal with peacebuilding NGOs and their role in conflict transformation in link with other IOs.

 

The last two panels will be more transversal.

 

4. UN and regional organizations: complementarity or competition?

 

This panel will discuss the traditional problem raised after 1945 about the relationships between regional organizations and the United Nations: does international cooperation in peace processes develop a new principle of subsidiarity or a contested principle of task sharing. This panel may for instance deal with new forms of cooperation between the UN and regional organizations to manage interventions in Africa.

 

5. Towards a virtuous cooperation in peace processes?


For this panel, propositions should reflect on the idea that a successful peace is a participatory peace that entails the presence of internal actors, having in mind that too much an enlarged process risks losing efficiency by associating too many actors for a complex task and that external intervention to force peace upon internal actors levels essential questions of legitimacy. New forms of cooperation aim at playing on cooperation to complement the usual top-down and external character of peace processes, but, is this objective really achieved or achievable, and under which conditions?

 

• Examples of themes to be studied (non-exhaustive list)

- “International practices” as a way to foster cooperation

- Multi-track approaches to conflict

- Strategic peacebuilding

- Peace resolution workshops

- The partnerships of the World Bank, PNUD, OSCE, etc and NGOs working on ethnic conflicts

- Military actors and virtuous cooperation (CIMIC)

- Diplomats and their new role in fostering virtuous cooperation in peace processes

 

PROCEDURE


1. Candidates apply by submitting:


- A paper proposal of 500 words

- A short biography of 200 words

 

2. Paper proposals and biographies should be emailed to the section convenors before the 24th of February 2013.

 

3. The thematic section convenors will only accept proposals for individual paper.

 

4. Participants should indicate clearly the link between their proposal and one of the five panels of the thematic section.

 

 

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